2018 August-September

Here is the selection of articles published in the months of August and September 2018, about suicide, self harm and suicidal related topics from the major scientific journals. Raffaella Calati and also Shira Barzilay, who recently joined the EPA-SSSP worked together for the selection. You can find here three articles presented with a short comment.

  • What is the relationship between rejection and self-harm or suicidality in adulthood?
    Cawley R, Pontin EE, Touhey J, Sheehy K, Taylor PJ
    J Affect Disord. 2018 Aug 19;242:123-134. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.082.
    A systematic review performed in the United Kingdom focused on the relationship between rejection experiences and both suicidal ideation and self-harm in adults. Authors were able to include 18 studies on which they performed a narrative synthesis. 15 out of the 18 studies found a positive association between rejection and suicidal ideation and self-harm. Across the studies parental rejection, in many cases due to minority sexuality (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, LGBT), was associated with increased likelihood of self-harm.
    Items 1 – 3 of 3
  • Anhedonia and suicidal thoughts and behaviors in psychiatric outpatients: The role of acuity.
    Hawes M, Galynker I, Barzilay S, Yaseen ZS
    Depress Anxiety. 2018 Aug 14. doi: 10.1002/da.22814.
    This study disentangled chronic and acute anhedonia in relation to prospective suicidal ideation within 1-month. Study compared suicidal outcomes of 395 psychiatry outpatients classified with acute anhedonia, chronic anhedonia and no-anhedonia as measures by an adapted version of the Snaith–Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHPS). Results indicated that acute anhedonia, but not chronic anhedonia, differed from non-anhedonia group in predicting greater severity of suicidal ideation.
    Items 2 – 3 of 3
  • Treatment as usual (TAU) as a control condition in trials of cognitive behavioural-based psychotherapy for self-harm: Impact of content and quality on outcomes in a systematic review.
    Witt K, de Moraes DP, Salisbury TT, Arensman E, Gunnell D, Hazell P, Townsend E, van Heeringen K, Hawton K
    J Affect Disord. 2018 Aug 1;235:434-447. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2018.04.025. Epub 2018 Apr 4.
    In a study leaded by Prof. Keith Hawton (Oxford), the content and reporting quality of treatment as usual (TAU) in 18 trials included in a recent Cochrane review were examined together with their relationship to outcomes. The Cochrane review focused on the efficacy of cognitive behavioural-based psychotherapies (CBT) compared to TAU in adults who self-harm. TAU content and reporting quality represents an important source of heterogeneity between trials of psychotherapeutic interventions for prevention of self-harm: specifically, effects in favour of CBT were strongest in trials in which TAU content was not clearly described compared to those in which TAU comprised multidisciplinary treatment.
    Items 3 – 3 of 3